No new features or functionality are being added to Media Services v2. Check out the latest version, Media Services v3.
Also, see migration guidance from v2 to v3. Media Services also provides the key delivery service that delivers encryption keys to authorized users.
If you want Media Services to encrypt an asset, you associate an encryption key with the asset and also configure authorization policies for the key. When a stream is requested by a player, Media Services uses the specified key to dynamically encrypt your content by using AES encryption.
To decrypt the stream, the player requests the key from the key delivery service. To determine whether the user is authorized to get the key, the service evaluates the authorization policies that you specified for the key.
Media Services supports multiple ways of authenticating users who make key requests. The content key authorization policy can have one or more authorization restrictions, either open or token restrictions. The token-restricted policy must be accompanied by a token issued by a security token service STS. For more information, see Configure the content key's authorization policy.
To take advantage of dynamic encryption, you need to have an asset that contains a set of multi-bitrate MP4 files or multi-bitrate Smooth Streaming source files. You also need to configure the delivery policy for the asset described later in this article. Then, based on the format specified in the streaming URL, the on-demand streaming server ensures that the stream is delivered in the protocol you selected. As a result, you need to store and pay only for the files in single storage format.
Media Services builds and serves the appropriate response based on requests from a client.
This article is useful to developers who work on applications that deliver protected media. The article shows you how to configure the key delivery service with authorization policies so that only authorized clients can receive encryption keys.
It also shows how to use dynamic encryption. For an overview of how to protect your media content with AES encryption, see this video. Perform the following general steps when you encrypt your assets with AES by using the Media Services key delivery service and also by using dynamic encryption:. Create an asset, and upload files into the asset. Encode the asset that contains the file to the adaptive bitrate MP4 set.
Create a content key, and associate it with the encoded asset. In Media Services, the content key contains the asset's encryption key. Configure the content key's authorization policy. You must configure the content key authorization policy.This topic describes how to protect your videos playing on desktop and mobile devices with the Video Cloud HLS encryption feature.
Video Cloud HLS encryption must be enabled for your account if you wish to use it - contact your Account Manager for more information. Note that once enabled for the account all videos ingested after that will use HLSe.
This alone is not providing complete security, since once the key is obtained, the content can be easily decrypted and redistributed. There are few mechanisms in place that allow protection of the key, such as serving it over HTTPs, or different token authentication models. HLSe does secure the content against most standard users trying to get the content, but is not considered DRM level content protection.
Also check out the limitations section below.
Video Cloud supports creating multiple renditions that switch intelligently between renditions as network bandwidth changes and as service fluctuates.
HLS essentially breaks a video into a sequence of small file downloads, each loading one short chunk, or segment, of the video at a time over HTTP. Note: Apple requires HLS for long-form videos, that is, videos greater than 5 Mb, or longer than 10 minutes. In order to play videos longer than approximately 10 minutes on iOS devices, regardless of encryption, you must create HLS renditions.
When implementing encryption for Apple HLS, Video Cloud both encrypts each of the small file segments of the video and securely delivers the files that handle rendition selection. In addition to utilizing the AES specification for encrypting electronic data, Video Cloud HLS encryption further protects content in the following manner:. Note: Video encryption is not by itself a strong form of content protection.
If content security is critical for your organization, you should employ DRM protection. Video Cloud HLS encryption delivers secure multiple bitrate encoding wherein each rendition and each segment of each rendition is protected in multiple ways. HLS encrypted videos are available for play on desktop and mobile devices when the first rendition of a video is uploaded and encrypted. Once implemented, all videos uploaded thereafter will be protected using HLS encryption.
Video Cloud HLS encryption adds no detectable change to playback of videos on devices. Product s. Video Cloud. Role s. Studio User. Task s. Topic s. What happens after HLS encryption implementation Video Cloud HLS encryption delivers secure multiple bitrate encoding wherein each rendition and each segment of each rendition is protected in multiple ways.
If you have promotional or other videos you want to deliver without encryption, you can upload them to a different Video Cloud account without HLS encryption enabled. Previously uploaded HLS content remains unencrypted. You must retranscode videos uploaded before HLS encryption to protect them.
This does not apply to videos ingested using the Dynamic Delivery system. If a user plays an HLS encrypted video on an Apple device and then attempts to replay it after the TTL has expired, playback will fail to start, and will not provide an alert message to the user. These devices will fall back to MP4.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Have a question about this project?
Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community. Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account. Hardest part about this will be to come up with an AES cipher lib that doesn't weigh KB :D If it does this code should maybe be loaded on-demand - at least that should be an option :D.
There is hls. I did changes in the previous hls. When You like my changes and put it to Your code, please, make new test distro and share it with me. But I have problem with audio.
When I play hls stream not cryptedafter few minutes audio desynch with video. Audio is playing early then video. I can not find where is the problem This will also install npm which is the dependency management tool around which this build pipeline is made. Check the readme file for details. I want use this hls. I got already something here that does it for MP3, but will want to integrate it with the current architecture.
But now I have BIG problem with stability of playing hls stream. If hls playing will not stable I have to looking for another solution. I want fix the playing issue, because I like this hls. Finally I found the stability issue and I fixed it. How can I put my changes to git? It is only 4 new lines. May I create new issue with describe of issue and solution? Today I made all my changes to actual git hls. WebCrypto is not working in WebWorker because window is undefined in the worker scope :- May I send You my new distro and help me with this problem?
I do not understand how is working, please, show me the solution on my code, thanks.
MPEG-2 Stream Encryption Format for HTTP Live Streaming
Or I can create PR with all my changes from fork and You can accept and fix my code I tried but I can not build with npm because npm said "self is not defined" or something like this. When I build with window. It sounds good but it support only one key in playlist. I have playlist with more then one key.
My solution support more keys in playlist No because I have to reinstall my computer :- Tonight I will make changes and I have to move my decrypting solution to demuxer-inline.This document describes the supported formats muxers and demuxers provided by the libavformat library.
The libavformat library provides some generic global options, which can be set on all the muxers and demuxers. In addition each muxer or demuxer may support so-called private options, which are specific for that component. Set probing size in bytes, i. A higher value will enable detecting more information in case it is dispersed into the stream, but will increase latency.
Must be an integer not lesser than It is by default. Only write platform- build- and time-independent data. This ensures that file and data checksums are reproducible and match between platforms. Its primary use is for regression testing. Stop muxing at the end of the shortest stream. Specify how many microseconds are analyzed to probe the input. A higher value will enable detecting more accurate information, but will increase latency.
Set error detection flags. Set maximum buffering duration for interleaving.PHP Tutorial: Password Encryption with MD5, SHA1, and Crypt -HD-
The duration is expressed in microseconds, and defaults to 10 seconds. To ensure all the streams are interleaved correctly, libavformat will wait until it has at least one packet for each stream before actually writing any packets to the output file. When some streams are "sparse" i. This field specifies the maximum difference between the timestamps of the first and the last packet in the muxing queue, above which libavformat will output a packet regardless of whether it has queued a packet for all the streams.
If set to 0, libavformat will continue buffering packets until it has a packet for each stream, regardless of the maximum timestamp difference between the buffered packets.
Shift timestamps to make them non-negative. Also note that this affects only leading negative timestamps, and not non-monotonic negative timestamps. When shifting is enabled, all output timestamps are shifted by the same amount.
Audio, video, and subtitles desynching and relative timestamp differences are preserved compared to how they would have been without shifting. Default is -1 autowhich means that the underlying protocol will decide, 1 enables it, and has the effect of reducing the latency, 0 disables it and may increase IO throughput in some cases. Specifying a positive offset means that the corresponding streams are delayed bt the time duration specified in offset. Default value is 0 meaning that no offset is applied.
Separator used to separate the fields printed on the command line about the Stream parameters. For example, to separate the fields with newlines and indentation:. Specifies the maximum number of streams. This can be used to reject files that would require too many resources due to a large number of streams. Skip estimation of input duration when calculated using PTS. Specify how strictly to follow the standards.For each encrypted stream type a protected block is identified, over which the protection process is performed.
A protected block of audio is typically an audio frame; H. CBC occurs within each protected block, and the initialization vector IV must be reset to its original value at the start of each new protected block.
NAL units of type 1 and type 5 must be encrypted to this specification; other NAL unit types must not be encrypted. Listing shows the format of a NAL unit that contains encrypted data. Each NAL unit is formed with start code emulation prevention applied. The preceding start code is not part of the protected block and is not encrypted.
The contiguous data that follows the unencrypted bytes is a protected block. Any protected block with a length of 16 bytes or fewer has no encryption applied; therefore, a NAL unit with length of 48 bytes or fewer is completely unencrypted.
Each byte block of encrypted data is followed by up to nine byte blocks of unencrypted data.
To encrypt an H. NAL types 1 and 5 with lengths greater than 48 bytes must be protected as defined above. To decrypt an H. The resulting bitstream can then be processed by a standard H. The ADTS header, which can be 7 or 9 bytes long, plus the first 16 bytes of the frame after it, are unencrypted. The contiguous data section that follows is encrypted. The size, in bytes, of the encrypted section must be an integer multiple of 16 and is possibly zero.
The AAC frame ends with 0 to 15 unencrypted bytes. Start code emulation prevention is not performed on the encrypted frame. An AC-3 protected frame is the full audio frame, a syncframeas shown in Listing The first 16 bytes, starting with the syncframe header, are not encrypted. The AC-3 frame ends with 0 to 15 unencrypted bytes. Start code emulation prevention is not performed on the encrypted part of the frame. An Enhanced AC-3 protected block is a single syncframe. The IV is reset at the beginning of each audio frame.
The audio setup information must be supplied when a stream is encrypted in conformance with this specification. The big-endian setup information format is shown in Listing The setup information must be packed, with no alignment padding.
The size of the setup information is 8 bytes plus the size of the format-specific data. If a non-Apple encoder is used and does not provide a priming value, set to 0x This comprises the syncinfo structure and the initial part of the bsi structure, as defined in 5.
Size and BoxHeader. In elementary streams the audio setup information is carried inside an ID3 Private Frame, as defined in ID3 tag version 2. The owner identifier is com. All Rights Reserved.Digital Rights Management DRM is a method of securing digital content to prevent unauthorized use and piracy, and it has become a requirement for many streaming video platforms as more premium content is delivered via the public Internet.
In a nutshell, DRM ensures that video content is stored and transmitted in an encrypted form, so that only authorized users and devices can play it back. When a user attempts to play back a video, the video player requests a key from a license server. The server determines whether the user and device are authorized, before issuing a license response with a decryption key.
The player can then decrypt and play back the content for the user. The figure below illustrates this process. Though there are many DRM systems available to protect video content, we only need to worry about The Big Three for supporting the most popular web browsers, devices, and set-top boxes:. This compatibility chart shows a sampling of popular platforms and their compatibility with these DRM systems.
See here for more details. Packaging Content To prevent content from being copied or played back by unauthorized players or devices, DRM requires content to be encrypted. This can be done as part of the transcoding process, or assets can be encrypted and packaged after the fact. Some platforms and CDNs also support just-in-time encryption and packaging of assets as they are requested by players. You can generate these keys and IDs yourself, or use the tools provided by your license server to generate them automatically.
The keys and IDs, along with a few other parameters, are also used to encrypt and package the content. The following Zencoder example job illustrates how to encode, encrypt and package content for all three DRM systems, with further description below:. This job has three mp4 encodes mpk, mpk, and mpkwhich are then used as the source for both the HLS and DASH outputs.
Once your content is encrypted and packaged, it needs to be transferred to your origin server or CDN for streaming to your users. This can also be done as part of a Zencoder job. Player - your video player must be able to request a key from a license server and decrypt the video; this may require different players on different platforms. License Server - your video player will request decryption keys from a license server every time a piece of content is requested; the license server authenticates and responds to these requests.
The following Zencoder example job illustrates how to encode, encrypt and package content for all three DRM systems, with further description below: This job has three mp4 encodes mpk, mpk, and mpkwhich are then used as the source for both the HLS and DASH outputs.This article describes some of the methods for controlling encryption for HLS streaming.
For some of the protection schemes, the API supports multiple protection schemes as well as key rotation. You can encrypt live and on-demand on the fly by using key files. Key files are text files that have a file name that's the same as the name of the stream you're playing and a. The naming convention is similar for an on-demand stream. To protect the stream sample. Similar to the key files that are described in the previous section, you can protect HLS streams by passing key data to a Wowza Streaming Engine server through the server-side API.
You can do this in Wowza Streaming Engine Manager or by using a text editor. The following methods, when added to a server-side module, are called each time a live or on-demand HLS chunk is created, giving you the opportunity to control how that chunk is encrypted:. Wowza Streaming Engine doesn't include key server delivery features. It has some basic features for AES key delivery; however, these features are provided only for convenience. The following options are available for key delivery.
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